The giant panda does not, officially, belong to the endangered species anymore. Officials reported that these species passed from “endangered” to “vulnerable” with a 17-percent increase in population over the past 10 years.
This is an amazing change in the fate of this kind which was in that situation in 2009, as experts predicted possible extinction within three generations.
Today there are 67 fiercely guarded preserves of pandas in China, which protect almost two-thirds of the world population.
Improving their status confirms to us that these efforts of the Chinese government to preserve these species are effective.
International Union for Conservation of Nature “IUCN” announced that by 2014 the giant panda population has increased by 17 percent. And is now estimated that there are about 1,864 adult pandas in the wilds of China. While the estimated number of cubs is about 2.060.
The introduction of measures by “IUCN” for forest protection and afforestation in China significantly increased forest cover. And the number of available habitat for these species, allows them to increase their population in the unique bamboo forests.
“The recovery of the panda shows that when science, political will and engagement of local communities will merge could save the wildlife and also to improve the biodiversity” – declares Marco Lambertini, Director General of “WWF”.
One of the biggest challenges in increasing the number of pandas is that they are poor breeders while in captivity.
They often lose interest in mating with other pandas in zoos. And are also insatiable eaters.
They aren’t like cows, which have a stomach with four chambers and a long large intestine that absorb nutrients from grass that is difficult to digest.
Pandas have a stomach with only one chamber and short thick intestine.
That means they need to eat 14 hours a day. And they need to eat about 12.5 pounds of bamboo daily. While currently they digest only about 17 percent of it.
When you think that one adult panda consumes 12.5 kg. bamboo each day, you will actually realize how important their habitat is for them.
Here comes the bad news though.
Although at present the population is growing, it is predicted that climate change will eliminate more than 35 percent of dwellings with bamboo for the pandas in the next 80 years.
And therefore, envisages a decline in the population of panda – reports showed.
General Director of “WWF”, Lo Tse Ping stressed: